This program is designed to produce researchers, innovators, trainers and experts   in the field of Civil Engineering for social and economic transformation of Africa.

Target Group
This program is intended for individuals with a background in  in Civil Engineering or closely related fields who wish to undertake research in Civil Engineering. In particular, the program targets the following groups:
i.    Researchers from academic , research institutions and industry intending to carry out research in Civil Engineering
ii.    Individuals from industry or government departments who wish to expand their range of expertise in Civil engineering  and for continuous professional development
iii.    Engineering  entrepreneurs who wish to further their studies and improve their technical, research and innovative skills

Objectives of the Programme
The objective of this program is to produce qualified researchers, innovators and  trainers and experts in the field of Civil Engineering for social and economic transformation of Africa. The program intends to develop future leaders of the civil engineering profession by  imparting complimentary skills in the area of business and entrepreneurship.  By developing links with the industry, the program will facilitate a multi-disciplinary project oriented learning environment.

Overall Programme Outcomes
The Graduates from this program should be able to:
i.  Carry out  engineering and scientific research   and   effectively disseminate the findings ;
ii. Analyse and come up with solutions to advanced and complex engineering problems ;
iii. Design  interdisciplinary solutions to engineering  and social problems ;
iv. Demonstrate Creativity, Innovativeness,  entrepreneurship and leadership skills

Admission Requirements
An applicant should satisfy any of the following requirements:
1. The common regulations for all PhD degrees at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/ Pan African University shall apply.
2. An applicant should hold a Master of Science degree in Civil Engineering or an MSc in a related engineering  or related field granted by PAU or by an institution recognized by the university senate
3. A holder of other qualifications recognized by the University Senate as being equivalent to (2) above.
4. In addition, a candidate shall have submitted a research concept note to be eligible for admission.

Duration of the Programme
The PhD program in Civil engineering shall extend over a minimum period of thirty-six (36) months and not more than forty-eight  (48) months.

Structure of the Programme
i.    The PhD in Civil engineering shall be done by course work, examination and thesis.
ii.    The PhD  in Civil engineering will be  offered in any one of the following specialized areas:

a.    Environment ,Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASAL) Engineering
b.    Transportation Engineering
c.    Structural Engineering

iii.    A candidate shall take six (6) course units in the first year of study.
iv.    A unit is defined as the equivalent of at least forty-two  (42) 1 hour lectures. For this purpose 2 hours of tutorial or 3 hours of laboratory work is taken to be equivalent to one lecture hour.
v.    The first year of study shall be devoted to course work and examinations.
vi.    A candidate MUST pass the examinations at the end of first year   to proceed to second year
vii.    The second to third year of study shall be devoted to carrying out of research, participating in seminars, and presentation of thesis. Candidates may undertake research cutting across two or more of the areas above. (6.2 (ii)).


1    Part I Examinations
1.1    Candidates for the Doctor of Philosophy in Civil engineering shall be required to pass all the first year units before proceeding to second year of study..
1.2     Each course unit in the first year, except Research and Innovation project shall be examined at the end of the semester in a three (3) hour written examination paper.
1.3 The written examinations shall constitute 70% of the overall mark in each course,the other 30% shall be made up of continuous assessment comprising tests, assignments and laboratory work.
1.4 Research and Innovation project unit  unit shall be examined by oral presentation, and by assessing project reports..
1.5    The pass mark for each course unit shall be 50%.

Supplementary Examinations

1.6     A candidate who fails in one (1) or two (2) units may, on recommendation of the Board of examiners and with approval of the Senate, be allowed to sit supplementary examinations in the failed unit(s) during the supplementary period. Research and Innovation project unit o unit will be done within four (4) weeks during the supplementary exam period.

1.7     The maximum mark for any supplementary examinations shall be 50% and shall not include continuous assessment.


1.8     A candidate who fails in more than two (2) course units in the regular examination shall be discontinued.
1.9     A candidate who fails in any of the supplementary units shall be discontinued.

2    Part II Examinations

2.1     Thesis research project shall be examined by seminar     presentation and by assessing project reports, participation in seminars, attitude & cooperation, in addition to the Thesis. Students are required to make presentations  in at least four (4)  seminars during the second year of study, and at least four (4)  seminars during the third year of study.
2.2     The PhD thesis shall be submitted as specified in the common regulations for the PhD Degree.
2.3     Candidates will be examined according to the University Regulations.

Course Distribution

Year 1

  • PUC 4100    Philosophy of Engineering and Technology
  • PUC 4101    Civil Engineering Seminar
  • PUC 4102    Research and Innovation project in civil engineering
  • PAU 3105    Entrepreneurship and Intrapreneurship
  • PUC 4104    Technology commercialization
  • PUC 4105    Selected topics in Civil Engineering
  • PAU 3103    History of Africa
  • PAU 3104    Human Rights and Gender

Years 2 & 3

  • PUC 4200    PhD Thesis