Grant from WWF-EN for training WRUAS in Tsavo


This was a training Workshop for Water Resource Users’ Associations (WRUAs) in the Tsavo River sub-catchment and respective stakeholders. The workshop was organized by JKUAT, through its Water Research and Resource Center (WARREC), in collaboration with the Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA), Tsavo Sub-Regional Office. This activity was co-financed by the World Wide Fund – Education for Nature ((WWF-EFN) of USA. The workshop was held at the WRMA conference hall in Loitokitok town, Kajiado County, from 13th – 17th April 2014.

Main Objective of the Workshop

The main Objective was to build the capacity of WRUAs to undertake IWRM by bringing together WRUAs of the Tsavo Sub-Catchment with other stakeholders and experts for cross-fertilization of knowledge.

Specific Objectives

  • To build capacity of WRUAs and their stakeholders in the Tsavo catchment on Integrated Water Resource management (IWRM)
  •  To identify major challenges impacting on the water resources, livelihoods and ecosystems of Tsavo Catchment
  • To deliberate on sustainable solutions to facilitate equitable water sharing, utilization and management including poverty      reduction and catchment/ecosystem conservation
  • To create awareness on the technological, policy and institutional options to bring forth sustainable water resources management, utilization and conflict resolution.
  • To develop a community of practice to take forward/implement the actions agreed upon during this workshop.

WRUA Training Tsavo Catchment 14April 2014 (2)WRUA Training Tsavo Catchment 14April 2014 (3)WRUA Training Tsavo Catchment 14April 2014 (1)

WRUA workshop training sessions in Tsavo catchment, Loitokitok Town

  Stakeholders Represented at the workshop

  • Water Resources Users Associations (WRUAs) in the Tsavo River Catchment
  • WRUAs from other Sub-Catchments in Kenya (Njoro, Migori, Isiolo, Kirinyaga, Upper Tana)
  • Group Ranches within  the Tsavo Catchment
  • WRMA (HQ, Athi Catchment & from Tsavo SRO and Muranga)
  • Government Ministries (MEWNR, MoALF)
  • Kajiado County Government
  • Kenya Wildlife Service
  • Hotels and the tourism sector
  • Water Service providers
  • Water Service Boards
  • University Researchers/staff
  • Media
  • Farmers, pastoralists and other water users.

Some of the issues/Challenges in the Tsavo River Catchment

  • Water scarcity
  • Loss of biodiversity
  • Increased Human-wildlife conflicts
  • Over abstraction
  • Pollution
  • Siltation
  • Floods
  • Encroachment of wetlands and riparian areas (  e.g Case of Kimana swamp)
  • Overgrazing/overstocking
  • Non-compliance with provision of the water Act 2002 and WRMA Rules 2007
  • Trans-boundary water resource issues
  • Climate change impacts

View of Kimana wetlandVisiting Nolturesh Catchment 15-4-2014 (8)

Encroached Kimana wetland                                  Increased turbidity in the Nolutresh River

Illegal water abstractions-Kimana catchment (1)

                                                          Illegal Water abstraction –  Kimana River (upstream)

Workshop actions/way forward

  • Identifying and  mapping riparian land and wetlands within the Tsavo River catchment
  • Foster collaborations  among all the water users within the Tsavo for the sustainable water  management for the Tsavo River catchment.
  • Gazette  all the wetlands within the Tsavo River catchment an activity that should involve all the stakeholders
  • Set timeframe on when  to create awareness on Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) to the  community within the Tsavo River catchment
  • KWS to create  awareness to the community  on  compensation process incase of injuries
  • Embrace the issue of water harvesting in the Tsavo catchment
  • Initiate water abstraction  survey for the  Nolutresh River
  • Develop a water  allocation plan for Rombo WRUA
  • Determine modalities for equitable water sharing, sustainable management and conflict resolution within the Tsavo River catchment



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