Recognizing that society is technology based and highly dependent on technology and innovation, engineers have immensely shaped modern culture and technology, leading to giant strides in human development. However, rapid transformation and industrialization of the global environment now requires engineers to re-engineer their practice to be in tandem with modern times. Specialists who have adequate technical, managerial, research and innovative skills in the particular fields that contribute to industrial development will necessary.  Sustainable electric power, and reliable and efficient telecommunication, control and computer systems are some of the major drivers towards this development.
This PhD programme prepares the professionals the Electrical Engineering industry is demanding—from the engineers and entrepreneurs who will create new Electrical systems and companies, to the researchers and theoreticians who will advance the science and technology behind these systems. It provides students with intensive advanced training in research that leads to the highest level of scholarly achievement, contribute to the existing body of knowledge, and enable them to conduct research independently to address new challenges as innovators.
In addition this doctoral programme is designed to satisfy the demands for researchers posed by higher education institutions, industry, the society and the governments through building national research and university capacity within the African continent.

Target Groups
This programme is intended for individuals with a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering or closely related fields who wish to undertake research in Electrical Engineering. In particular, the programme targets the following groups:
•    Researchers from academic and research institutions and industry intending to carry out research in electrical engineering
•    Individuals from industry or government departments who wish to expand their range of expertise in electrical engineering and for continuous professional development.
•    Individual technopreneurs who wish to further their studies and improve their technical, research and innovative skills.

Aims and objectives
The aim of this programme is to produce qualified researchers, innovators, educators and consultants in the field of Electrical Engineering for social and economic transformation of Africa. This is through the accomplishment of independent and original research work, the reporting thereof in a research thesis and a subsequent oral defence. The following are the programme objectives for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering:
i.    Develop skills for scientific research through training in research methodology and rigorous research leading to a PhD thesis.
ii.    Develop managerial and transformational leadership skills in and beyond area of specialization
iii.    Enhance the knowledge and design skills in Electrical Engineering through highly specialized advanced training
iv.    Provide innovative and entrepreneurship skills for development of home-grown solutions to Africa’s problems.
4.0    Learning Outcomes

The Graduates from this programme should be able to:
•    Carry out original research and present their findings in scientific conferences and publish in scholarly journals
•    Analyse and come up with solutions to advanced and complex engineering problems
•    Effectively contribute to and disseminate knowledge
•    Show understanding of the subject and display originality of thought.

Duration and Structure

1    A candidate registered for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering shall carry out a programme of original research over a minimum period of thirty (30) months after completion of any required coursework and shall submit a thesis based on the study of the research done.
2    No candidate for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy shall be registered as a student for more than forty-eight (48) calendar months without submitting his/her thesis, except by permission of the PAU Rectorate.
3    The PhD Programme in Electrical Engineering shall be done by course work, examination and thesis.
4    A PhD Programme in Electrical Engineering may be offered in any one of the following specialized areas:
i.    Power Systems Engineering
ii.    Telecommunication Engineering
iii.    Computer Engineering
iv.    Control and Automation Engineering
5    Each candidate shall take six (6) units in the first six monthsof the first year of study of which two (2) shall be common units, three (3) core units and one (1) elective unit in his/her chosen specialised area of study.
6    A unit is defined as the equivalent of at least forty five (45) credithours. For this purpose 2 lecture hours plus 3 laboratory hours = 3 credit hours Or 2 lecture hours plus 2 tutorial hours = 3 credit hours for each unit.
7    The first six monthsof the first year of study shall be devoted to course work and examinations.
8    Any candidate who has done the Master of Science in Electrical Engineering offered by PAU may only undertake those units he/she did not take at the Master’s level.
9    A candidate shall be required to pass all the coursework units before continuing to the research work.
10    Candidates shall devote their post-coursework period to carrying out of research, participating in seminars and presentation of thesis. Candidates may undertake research cutting across two or more of the areas indicated in (5.4).

Admission Requirements
An applicant should satisfy any of the following requirements:
1. The common regulations for all PhD degrees at Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology/ Pan African University shall apply.
2. A holder of a Master of Science degree in Electrical Engineering or related field granted by PAU or by an institution recognized by the university senate
3. A holder of other qualifications recognized by the University Senate as being equivalent to (2) above.
4. In addition, a candidate shall have submitted a research concept note to be eligible for admission.

Examinations

1    Written Examinations

1.1    Candidates for the Doctor of Philosophy in Electrical Engineering shall be required to pass all the coursework before continuing to the research work.
1.2    ExceptPower System Simulation Lab andSeminar and Selected topics in Electrical Engineering, each unitshall be examined at the end of the semester in a three (3) hour written examination paper.
1.3    Seminar and Selected topics in Electrical Engineering unit shall be examined by oral presentation, and by assessing project reports, class tests and assignments.
1.4    The Power System Simulation Lab unit shall be examined on 100% continuous assessment.
1.5    The written examinations shall constitute 70% of the overall mark in each course; the other 30% shall be made up of continuous assessment (comprising tests, assignments and laboratory work).
1.6    The pass mark for each course unit shall be 50%.

2    Supplementary Examinations

2.1    A candidate who fails in at most two(2) course units, may, on recommendation of the Board of examiners and with approval of the Senate, be allowed to sit supplementary examinations in this unit at the end of the academic year.

2.2    Upon passing the supplementary examinations, the recorded mark shall be 50% and shall not include continuous assessment marks.

3    Discontinuation

3.1    A candidate who fails in more than two(2) course units in the regular examination shall be discontinued.
3.2    A candidate who fails in any of the supplementary units shall be discontinued.

Supervision and Thesis Examinations

1    Conduct of Research Studies and Supervision

1.1    A candidate registered for the Ph.D. programme in Electrical Engineering shall be required to pursue his/herresearch work under the supervision of academic staff.
1.2    The Candidates shall be required to consult their supervisor(s) at least once every month and to submit a written progress report every four months.
1.3    Each candidate shall be required to participate and present in seminars which will be used to assess their progress. Candidates are required to participate and present research findings in at least two (2) seminars during the second year of study, and at least two (2) seminars during the third year of study.The candidates shall also be required to present their research findings in scientific conferences and publish at least two (2) journal papers in peer-reviewed scholarly journals.

2    Thesis Submission and Examination
2.1    A candidate shall be required to submit a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy that makes a distinct contribution to the knowledge and show understanding of the subject and display originality of thought.
2.2    At least three months before a thesis is submitted, a candidate shall give notice in writing and providing an abstract outlining the general scope of the research work. Other common regulations specified by the University regarding the thesis submission shall apply.
2.3    Research work shall be examined by seminar presentation and by assessing research reports in addition to the thesis.
2.4    Candidates will be examined according to the University regulations.

Course Distribution

Common courses

  • PAU 3101    History of Africa
  • PAU 3104    Human Rights and Gender

Power Systems Option

  • PUE 3109    Power System Simulation Lab
  • PUE 3111    Power System Stability and Control
  • PUE 4105    Seminar and Selected topics in Electrical Engineering

Electives

  • PUE 4101    Philosophy and Ethics inEngineering and Technology
  • PUE 3103    Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Telecommunications Engineering Option

  • PUE 3121    Wireless Communications
  • PUE 4105    Seminar and Selected topics in Electrical Engineering
  • PUE 3123    Telecommunication Network Design and Planning

Electives

  • PUE 4101    Philosophy and Ethics in Engineering and Technology
  • PUE 3103    Entrepreneurship and Innovation

Years 2 & 3

  • PUE 4200    PhD Thesis