(i)    Definition
Joint award qualification in a University system refers to an award that ensues from jointly executed teaching, supervision and examination or all such multiple responsibilities involving more than one unit in a given university, for instance the PAU, and other relevant and recognized Universities. A joint award presupposes that collaboration/co-operation exists between the partner institutions to create an enabling environment in which students, academic staff and other stakeholders are willing to participate.

(ii) Advantages of Joint Awards in Regional/ International Education
i.    Strengthening collaboration through research sharing; both universities will improve their organizational and human resource capacity for research management and postgraduate training.  This will include the development of joint research projects and training programs as well as other forms of staff and student mobility.
ii.    The collaboration has the potential to yield international visibility through excellence in research outputs on global issues exhibited through joint publications and conferences.

(iii) Advantages of a Joint PhD Research Degree
A joint PhD research degree will strengthen the collaboration between senior Scientists/Scholars and facilitate staff development.  It will also lead to the enhancement of research initiatives and administrative procedures in both universities.  A holder of a joint PhD degree will have the versatility of being a beneficiary of the two universities and he/she will be in position to take the lead in maximizing the exploitation of the resources available in Africa to accelerate the development of the continent.