This was a training Workshop for Water Resource Users’ Associations (WRUAs) in the Tsavo River sub-catchment and respective stakeholders. The workshop was organized by JKUAT, through its Water Research and Resource Center (WARREC), in collaboration with the Water Resources Management Authority (WRMA), Tsavo Sub-Regional Office. This activity was co-financed by the World Wide Fund – Education for Nature ((WWF-EFN) of USA. The workshop was held at the WRMA conference hall in Loitokitok town, Kajiado County, from 13th – 17th April 2014.
Main Objective of the Workshop
The main Objective was to build the capacity of WRUAs to undertake IWRM by bringing together WRUAs of the Tsavo Sub-Catchment with other stakeholders and experts for cross-fertilization of knowledge.
- To build capacity of WRUAs and their stakeholders in the Tsavo catchment on Integrated Water Resource management (IWRM)
- To identify major challenges impacting on the water resources, livelihoods and ecosystems of Tsavo Catchment
- To deliberate on sustainable solutions to facilitate equitable water sharing, utilization and management including poverty reduction and catchment/ecosystem conservation
- To create awareness on the technological, policy and institutional options to bring forth sustainable water resources management, utilization and conflict resolution.
- To develop a community of practice to take forward/implement the actions agreed upon during this workshop.
WRUA workshop training sessions in Tsavo catchment, Loitokitok Town
Stakeholders Represented at the workshop
- Water Resources Users Associations (WRUAs) in the Tsavo River Catchment
- WRUAs from other Sub-Catchments in Kenya (Njoro, Migori, Isiolo, Kirinyaga, Upper Tana)
- Group Ranches within the Tsavo Catchment
- WRMA (HQ, Athi Catchment & from Tsavo SRO and Muranga)
- Government Ministries (MEWNR, MoALF)
- Kajiado County Government
- Kenya Wildlife Service
- Hotels and the tourism sector
- Water Service providers
- Water Service Boards
- University Researchers/staff
- Farmers, pastoralists and other water users.
Some of the issues/Challenges in the Tsavo River Catchment
- Water scarcity
- Loss of biodiversity
- Increased Human-wildlife conflicts
- Over abstraction
- Encroachment of wetlands and riparian areas ( e.g Case of Kimana swamp)
- Non-compliance with provision of the water Act 2002 and WRMA Rules 2007
- Trans-boundary water resource issues
- Climate change impacts
Encroached Kimana wetland Increased turbidity in the Nolutresh River
Illegal Water abstraction – Kimana River (upstream)
Workshop actions/way forward
- Identifying and mapping riparian land and wetlands within the Tsavo River catchment
- Foster collaborations among all the water users within the Tsavo for the sustainable water management for the Tsavo River catchment.
- Gazette all the wetlands within the Tsavo River catchment an activity that should involve all the stakeholders
- Set timeframe on when to create awareness on Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM) to the community within the Tsavo River catchment
- KWS to create awareness to the community on compensation process incase of injuries
- Embrace the issue of water harvesting in the Tsavo catchment
- Initiate water abstraction survey for the Nolutresh River
- Develop a water allocation plan for Rombo WRUA
- Determine modalities for equitable water sharing, sustainable management and conflict resolution within the Tsavo River catchment