Agriculture and livestock production plays a key role in Kenya’s economy. About 30% of Kenya’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is derived from Agriculture with 10% of it from livestock sub sector. Land is an area on the earth’s surface whose resources embrace all reasonably stable or predictably cyclic attributes of the biosphere above and below this area; including the atmosphere, soil, geology, hydrology, vegetation, fauna and the results of past anthropogenic activities. Land resources are finite and can vary from time to time depending on the management conditions and use.
The ever increasing human needs from the land and its constituent natural resources is creating competition and conflicts that ultimately lead to land degradation and reduced productivity. In order to meet human requirements in a sustainable manner, there has to be efficient utilization of land resources through:
• Establishment of a framework for land use and physical planning within which detailed plans for agriculture, forests, human settlement and rural development can be developed.
• Compilation of detailed land capability data bases to guide sustainable land resources allocation at all levels.
• Developing indicators of land resources sustainability taking into account the environmental, socio-economic, demographic, cultural and political factors.
The above measures needs to be backed by promotion of the human capacity resource needed to plan and manage land resources through training at all levels in the relevant sectors in an integrated manner.
In order to address the above issues, the faculty of agriculture formulated BSc. in Land Resources Planning and Management. The programme has become very popular and I hope very soon we shall have a critical mass of trained professionals in this field.